The ingrown nail is the nail whose side edges grow surrounding soft tissues, causing inflammation, pain and sometimes infection. It is a specific toenails disease . The causes of ingrown toenails are different: the legacy of familial predisposition curved nails, tight shoes, excessive sweating, which favors the occurrence of infection, inadequate pedicure.
Clinically manifested initially by pain, redness and swelling, the finger is asymmetrical. Pain is initially caused by touching or walking, then it becomes permanent. When the infection suppurates, in advanced stages, it develops a fleshy granulation tissue (granuloma).
Untreated properly may be complicated by infection, abscess, granuloma piogenic, erysipelas.
The Treatment is surgical and is performed under local anesthesia by removeing the ingrown portion of nail, including its root, to prevent relapse.
After surgery the patient must sit with his foot raised on a pillow and avoid walking for about a week.